Kleine auto's zijn nog steeds de gevaarlijkste keuze op de markt, volgens een nieuwe rangschikking van voertuigen op sterftecijf

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Ford Focus.

Ford Focus.

Ford

  • Drivers are significantly more likely to die in a small car than a large one, a new study from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety suggests. 

  • The IIHS, which is based in Virginia and crash tests cars for the US market, found that 15 of the 20 cars from the 2017 model year with the highest driver death rates were either small cars or minicars.

  • Some of the least safe models included the Ford Fiesta, Nissan Versa Note, and Fiat 500.

  • Most of the safest models, when it comes to driver death rate, were luxury SUVs and large SUVs. 

  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

Basic physics says that, generally speaking, large vehicles have an advantage over small ones when it comes to safety. A tiny sports car might be the safest tiny sports car in the world, but that doesn’t mean it’ll take on a semi very well. 

And thanks to anew studyfrom the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, now we know just how much more dangerous driving a small car can be.

After studying driver fatalities that occurred from 2015 through 2018 in vehicles from the 2017 model year, as well as older vehicles with the same design, the IIHS found that 15 of the 20 models with the highest death rates were small cars and minicars. The safest models, in large part, were SUVs.

“Smaller vehicles offer less protection for the driver in crashes, and their lighter mass means that they take the brunt of collisions with larger vehicles,” Joe Nolan, IIHS senior vice president of vehicle research, said in a press release. 

Admittedly, the IIHS’ fatality data is imperfect, as the organization doesn’t take into account driving speed, road quality, or the distance one drives in a given day. However, when the IIHS ran the study again and accounted for mileage data, the results were similar — vehicle size remained a major factor, but death rates increased for sports cars and luxury cars, which aren’t driven much.  

It’s important to note that when cars are crash tested and rated in a lab, the result is based on the weight of the vehicle being crashed — not the weight of crashing into a much larger one. Thus, IIHS said in2018, those who buy smaller vehicles “are choosing a lower level of protection” even if that car has great safety ratings. 

Listed below are the 20 least safe models, ranked by driver death rate per million registered vehicle years. For reference, a registered vehicle year refers to one vehicle registered for one year, and the average rate across all 2017 models was found to be 36 deaths.

20. Mitsubishi Outlander Sport 4WD

Mitsubishi Outlander Sport.

Mitsubishi Outlander Sport.

Mitsubishi

The IIHS observed 67 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

19. Nissan Maxima

Nissan Maxima.

Nissan Maxima.

Nissan

The IIHS observed 68 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

18. Ford Focus

Ford Focus.

Ford Focus.

Ford

The IIHS observed 68 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

17. Buick Verano

Buick Verano.

Buick Verano.

Buick

The IIHS observed 68 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

16. Kia Soul

Kia Soul.

Kia Soul.

Kia

The IIHS observed 70 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

15. Mitsubishi Mirage hatchback

Mitsubishi Mirage hatchback.

Mitsubishi Mirage hatchback.

Mitsubishi

The IIHS observed 72 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

14. Chevrolet Trax 2WD

Chevrolet Trax.

Chevrolet Trax.

Chevrolet

The IIHS observed 73 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

13. Chevrolet Sonic hatchback

Chevrolet Sonic hatchback.

Chevrolet Sonic hatchback.

Chevrolet

The IIHS observed 74 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

12. Nissan Sentra

Nissan Sentra.

Nissan Sentra.

Nissan

The IIHS observed 81 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

11. Hyundai Accent

Hyundai Accent.

Hyundai Accent.

Hyundai

The IIHS observed 81 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

10. Ford Mustang GT coupe

Ford Mustang GT.

Ford Mustang GT.

Ford Motor Company

The IIHS observed 81 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

9. Kia Rio

Kia Rio.

Kia Rio.

Kia

The IIHS observed 87 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

8. Nissan Versa

Nissan Versa.

Nissan Versa.

Nissan

The IIHS observed 88 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

7. Kia Forte

Kia Forte.

Kia Forte.

Kia Media

The IIHS observed 89 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

6. Hyundai Elantra

2017 Hyundai Elantra.

2017 Hyundai Elantra.

Hyundai

The IIHS observed 89 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

5. Fiat 500

Fiat 500.

Fiat 500.

Fiat

The IIHS observed 95 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

4. Nissan Versa Note

Nissan Versa Note.

Nissan Versa Note.

Nissan

The IIHS observed 96 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

3. Chevrolet Sonic compact sedan

Chevrolet Sonic.

Chevrolet Sonic.

Chevrolet

The IIHS observed 98 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

2. Hyundai Accent

Hyundai Accent.

Hyundai Accent.

Hyundai

The IIHS observed 116 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

1. Ford Fiesta

Ford Fiesta.

Ford Fiesta.

Ford

The IIHS observed 141 driver deaths per million registered vehicle years. 

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